Joseph Bologne, Chevalier de Saint-Georges, was a remarkable figure of the 18th century, known for his prowess as a composer, violinist, conductor, and fencer. Born in Guadeloupe in 1745 to a wealthy plantation owner and an African slave, he overcame the racial prejudices of his time to become one of the most celebrated musicians in France. Saint-Georges was the first classical composer of African descent to gain widespread recognition in European classical music. His compositions, ranging from symphonies to operas, showcased his virtuosity and innovation, earning him the nickname “the Black Mozart.” Besides his musical talents, Saint-Georges was also an accomplished athlete, excelling in fencing and eventually becoming captain of the French Royal Guard’s fencing team. His life and achievements stand as a testament to the power of talent and perseverance to overcome adversity.

The origin of this piece in unknown, but it seems likely that the Adagio is a rearranged part of Recueil de pièces for violin and piano.  

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